In 2018 the NFL is dedicated to continuing its highly successful campaign to address detection and risk education of all cancers. Crucial Catch: Intercept Cancer, aims to move the country towards unprecedented levels of early detection and risk reduction of screenable cancers. Crucial Catch allows the NFL to reach and impact a wider population affected by various forms of cancer. Crucial Catch calls on people across the country to access a NFL funded digital tool that provides users with recommendations on how they can take action to keep healthy and reduce cancer risk.
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Cancer is not just one disease but rather a group of diseases, all of which cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Cancers are classified either according to the kind of fluid or tissue from which they originate, or according to the location in the body where they first developed. In addition, some cancers are of mixed types. The following five broad categories indicate the tissue and blood classifications of cancer:
A carcinoma is a cancer found in body tissue known as epithelial tissue, which covers or lines surfaces of organs, glands, or body structures. For example, a cancer of the lining of the stomach is called a carcinoma. Many carcinomas affect organs or glands that are involved with secretion, such as breasts that produce milk. Carcinomas account for 80 to 90 percent of all cancer cases.
A sarcoma is a malignant tumor growing from connective tissues, such as cartilage, fat, muscle, tendons, and bones. The most common sarcoma, a tumor on the bone, usually occurs in young adults. Examples of sarcoma include osteosarcoma (bone) and chondrosarcoma (cartilage).
Lymphoma refers to a cancer that originates in the nodes or glands of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system produces white blood cells and cleans body fluids. Some lymphomas start in lymph tissue in organs such as the brain or stomach. Lymphomas are classified into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Leukemia, also known as blood cancer, is a cancer of the bone marrow that keeps the marrow from producing normal red and white blood cells and platelets. White blood cells are needed to resist infection. Red blood cells are needed to prevent anemia. Platelets keep the body from easily bruising and bleeding. Examples of leukemia include acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The terms myelogenous and lymphocytic indicate the type of cells that are involved.
Myeloma grows in the plasma cells of bone marrow. In some cases, the myeloma cells collect in one bone and form a single tumor, called a plasmacytoma. However, in other cases, the myeloma cells collect in many bones, forming many bone tumors. This is called multiple myeloma.